When it comes to some animals, it can be hard to say at first glance exactly what makes one group different from another. Besides, someone always breaks the rules (We’re talking to YOU, Mrs. Macaque!). That said, here’s a quick-and-easy guide to help you tell the general differences between some often-confused animal doppelgangers.

What’s the difference between . . .

a frog and a toad?


an ape and a monkey?


a turtle and a tortoise?


a wasp and a bee?


a dragonfly and a damselfly?


an ant and a termite?


an alligator and a crocodile?


Written by Roar, drawn by Christine Fleming.

Check our facts:

1. Frogs vs. Toads

2. Monkey vs. Ape

3. Turtle vs. Tortoise

4. Bee vs. Wasp

5. Dragonfly vs. Damselfly

6. Termites vs. Ants

7. Alligator vs. Crocodile


Christine Fleming is an illustrator whose work tends to have a whimsical feel with organic lines, delicate textures, and hidden details. She is currently writing and illustrating her first children’s book. You can see more of her work on her website, and follow her @might_could.